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Today in 1792 the cornerstone is laid for the presidential residence in the newly designated capital city of Washington. 

In 1792, the work began on the site chosen by President George Washington at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue under the guidance of Irish American architect James Hoban, whose design was influenced by Leinster House in Dublin and by a building sketch in James Gibbs’ “Book of Architecture.” 

In 1800, President John Adams became the first president to reside in the executive mansion, which soon became known as the “White House” because its white-gray Virginia freestone contrasted with the red brick of nearby buildings.